The Nuremberg Trials

The Nuremberg Trials Pdf

The Nuremberg Trials

Author: ,

Publisher: Arcturus Publishing

ISBN: 1848589468

Genre: History

Page:

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Book Summary: 'Roland's compelling account is highly readable.' Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, Professor of History, University of Exeter Anyone wishing to understand the nature of evil can do no better than look within the pages of this book. When Hitler's 'thousand-year Reich' collapsed after twelve years of increasing repression, how were those responsible to be punished? Hitler, Himmler and Goebbels took their own lives to evade justice, but that still left Hermann Goering, Albert Speer, Hitler's one-time Deputy Fu ̈hrer Rudolf Hess and many other prominent Nazis to be brought before the Allied courts. This is the story of the Nuremberg Trials - the most important criminal hearings ever held, which established the principle that individuals will always be held responsible for their actions under international law, and which brought closure to World War II, allowing the reconstruction of Europe to begin.


The Nuremberg Trial

The Nuremberg Trial Pdf

The Nuremberg Trial

Author: Ann Tusa,John Tusa

Publisher: Skyhorse

ISBN: 1620879433

Genre: History

Page: 512

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Book Summary: Here is a gripping account of the major postwar trial of the Nazi hierarchy in World War II. The Nuremberg Trial brilliantly recreates the trial proceedings and offers a reasoned, often profound examination of the processes that created international law. From the whimpering of Kaltenbrunner and Ribbentrop on the stand to the icy coolness of Goering, each participant is vividly drawn. Includes twenty-four photographs of the key players as well as extensive references, sources, biographies, and an index.


The Betrayal

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The Betrayal

Author: Kim Christian Priemel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191648523

Genre: History

Page: 432

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Book Summary: At the end of World War II the Allies faced a threefold challenge: how to punish perpetrators of appalling crimes for which the categories of 'genocide' and 'crimes against humanity' had to be coined; how to explain that these had been committed by Germany, of all nations; and how to reform Germans. The Allied answer to this conundrum was the application of historical reasoning to legal procedure. In the thirteen Nuremberg trials held between 1945 and 1949, and in corresponding cases elsewhere, a concerted effort was made to punish key perpetrators while at the same time providing a complex analysis of the Nazi state and German history. Building on a long debate about Germany's divergence from a presumed Western path of development, Allied prosecutors sketched a historical trajectory which had led Germany to betray the Western model. Historical reasoning both accounted for the moral breakdown of a 'civilised' nation and rendered plausible arguments that this had indeed been a collective failure rather than one of a small criminal clique. The prosecutors therefore carefully laid out how institutions such as private enterprise, academic science, the military, or bureaucracy, which looked ostensibly similar to their opposite numbers in the Allied nations, had been corrupted in Germany even before Hitler's rise to power. While the argument, depending on individual protagonists, subject matters, and contexts, met with uneven success in court, it offered a final twist which was of obvious appeal in the Cold War to come: if Germany had lost its way, it could still be brought back into the Western fold. The first comprehensive study of the Nuremberg trials, The Betrayal thus also explores how history underpins transitional trials as we encounter them in today's courtrooms from Arusha to The Hague.


Nazi Medicine and the Nuremberg Trials

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Nazi Medicine and the Nuremberg Trials

Author: P. Weindling

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230506054

Genre: History

Page: 482

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Book Summary: This book offers a radically new and definitive reappraisal of Allied responses to Nazi human experiments and the origins of informed consent. It places the victims and Allied Medical Intelligence officers at centre stage, while providing a full reconstruction of policies on war crimes and trials related to Nazi medical atrocities and genocide.


The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials

The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials Pdf

The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials

Author: Telford Taylor

Publisher: Knopf

ISBN: 0307819817

Genre: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 703

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Book Summary: A long-awaited memoir of the Nuremberg war crimes trials by one of its key participants. In 1945 Telford Taylor joined the prosecution staff and eventually became chief counsel of the international tribunal established to try top-echelon Nazis. Telford provides an engrossing eyewitness account of one of the most significant events of our century.


Soviet Judgment at Nuremberg

Soviet Judgment at Nuremberg Pdf

Soviet Judgment at Nuremberg

Author: Francine Hirsch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199377952

Genre: History

Page: 432

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Book Summary: Organized in the immediate aftermath of World War II to try the former Nazi leaders for war crimes, the Nuremberg trials, known as the International Military Tribunal (IMT), paved the way for global conversations about genocide, justice, and human rights that continue to this day. As Francine Hirsch reveals in this immersive new history of the trials, a central piece of the story has been routinely omitted from standard accounts: the critical role that the Soviet Union played in making Nuremberg happen in the first place. Hirsch's book reveals how the Soviets shaped the trials--only to be written out of their story as Western allies became bitter Cold War rivals. Soviet Judgment at Nuremberg offers the first full picture of the war trials, illuminating the many ironies brought to bear as the Soviets did their part to bring the Nazis to justice. Everyone knew that Stalin had originally allied with Hitler before the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of 1939 hung heavy over the courtroom, as did the suspicion among the Western prosecutors and judges that the Soviets had falsified evidence in an attempt to pin one of their own war crimes, the Katyn massacre of Polish officers, on the Nazis. It did not help that key members of the Soviet delegation, including the Soviet judge and chief prosecutor, had played critical roles in Stalin's infamous show trials of the 1930s. For the lead American prosecutor Robert H. Jackson and his colleagues, Soviet participation in the Nuremberg Trials undermined their overall credibility and possibly even the moral righteousness of the Allied victory. Yet Soviet jurists had been the first to conceive of a legal framework that treated war as an international crime. Without it, the IMT would have had no basis for judgment. The Soviets had borne the brunt of the fighting against Germany--enduring the horrors of the Nazi occupation and experiencing almost unimaginable human losses and devastation. There would be no denying their place on the tribunal, nor their determination to make the most of it. Once the trials were set in motion, however, little went as the Soviets had planned. Soviet Judgment at Nuremberg shows how Stalin's efforts to direct the Soviet delegation and to steer the trials from afar backfired, and how Soviet war crimes became exposed in open court. Hirsch's book offers readers both a front-row seat in the courtroom and a behind-the-scenes look at the meetings in which the prosecutors shared secrets and forged alliances. It reveals the shifting relationships among the four countries of the prosecution (the U.S., Great Britain, France, and the USSR), uncovering how and why the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg became a Cold War battleground. In the process Soviet Judgment at Nuremberg offers a new understanding of the trials and a fresh perspective on the post-war movement for human rights.


The Origins of Simultaneous Interpretation

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The Origins of Simultaneous Interpretation

Author: Francesca Gaiba

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 0776604570

Genre: History

Page: 191

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Book Summary: This book offers the first complete analysis of the emergence of simultaneous interpretation a the Nuremburg Trail and the individuals who made the process possible. Francesca Gaiba offers new insight into this monumental event based on extensive archival research and interviews with interpreters, who worked at the trial. This work provides an overview of the specific linguistic needs of the trial, and examines the recruiting of interpreters and the technical support available to them.


The Nuremberg Trials

The Nuremberg Trials Pdf

The Nuremberg Trials

Author: Alexander Macdonald

Publisher: Arcturus Publishing

ISBN: 1784281263

Genre: ,

Page: 192

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Book Summary: At 10.00 am on 20 November 1945, Sir Geoffrey Lawrence, the presiding judge at the first of the Nuremberg Trials, opened proceedings at what he described as a trial that was 'unique in the history of jurisprudence'. What followed were 11 days of accusations and rebuttals that would determine the fate of 21 Nazi leaders and see the indictment of three others in their absence. The charges against them included war crimes, crimes against humanity, crimes against peace and the conspiracy to commit those crimes. Judges, administrators and onlookers alike had to steel themselves as they listened to a catalogue of barbaric and sickening acts. Compellingly, The Nuremberg Trials recalls the events of that first trial, the people involved - both accusers and accused - and explores the impact and consequences that it would have on subsequent trials at Nuremberg and in Tokyo (where Japanese leaders were also tried) and on the future of international law and tribunals.


The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

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The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Author: Kevin Jon Heller

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191652865

Genre: Law

Page: 536

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Book Summary: This book provides the first comprehensive legal analysis of the twelve war crimes trials held in the American zone of occupation between 1946 and 1949, collectively known as the Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMTs). The judgments the NMTs produced have played a critical role in the development of international criminal law, particularly in terms of how courts currently understand war crimes, crimes against humanity, and the crime of aggression. The trials are also of tremendous historical importance, because they provide a far more comprehensive picture of Nazi atrocities than their more famous predecessor, the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg (IMT). The IMT focused exclusively on the 'major war criminals'-the Goerings, the Hesses, the Speers. The NMTs, by contrast, prosecuted doctors, lawyers, judges, industrialists, bankers-the private citizens and lower-level functionaries whose willingness to take part in the destruction of millions of innocents manifested what Hannah Arendt famously called 'the banality of evil'. The book is divided into five sections. The first section traces the evolution of the twelve NMT trials. The second section discusses the law, procedure, and rules of evidence applied by the tribunals, with a focus on the important differences between Law No. 10 and the Nuremberg Charter. The third section, the heart of the book, provides a systematic analysis of the tribunals' jurisprudence. It covers Law No. 10's core crimes-crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity-as well as the crimes of conspiracy and membership in a criminal organization. The fourth section then examines the modes of participation and defenses that the tribunals recognized. The final section deals with sentencing, the aftermath of the trials, and their historical legacy.


Justice at Nuremberg

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Justice at Nuremberg

Author: U. Schmidt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230505244

Genre: History

Page: 386

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Book Summary: This book traces the history of the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial of 1946-47, through the eyes of the Austrian émigré psychiatrist Leo Alexander, whose investigations helped the US prosecution. Schmidt provides a detailed insight into the origins of human rights in medical science and into the changing role of international law, ethics and politics.


The Nuremberg Trials

The Nuremberg Trials Pdf

The Nuremberg Trials

Author: Alexander Zvyagintsev

Publisher: Glagoslav Publications

ISBN: 1784379883

Genre: Fiction

Page: 432

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Book Summary: Postwar Nuremberg is set to host a historically unprecedented trial of the leaders of the defeated Third Reich. The whole world is awaiting a just verdict, but it is here where Soviet counterintelligence must wage a secret war against forces that seek to prevent that from happening at any cost. Nuremberg, having been nearly wiped from the face of the earth during the harsh fighting, becomes an arena for ruthless struggles in both hidden and overt operations. Nazis are still operating underground, spies weave their intrigues, politicians and diplomats make bargains, and movie stars dazzle the public. The enormous efforts led by the USSR’s chief prosecutor Roman Rudenko to expose the Nazi atrocities are threatened. It is here where counterintelligence officer Major Denis Rebrov must operate: he has been tasked with a matter of special state importance. But in this old imperial city, the ruins of which are home to people who would do anything for a pack of cigarettes or a loaf of bread, where revelations about unimaginable crimes come out daily, Rebrov meets Princess Irina Kurakina, born to an aristocratic family of Russian emigres. The pages of this novel abound with real historical figures. Besides the USSR chief prosecutor Rudenko and his American analogue Robert Jackson, readers will be introduced to Nazi bosses Goering, Ribbentrop, Hess and Kaltenbrunner, film stars Olga Chekhov (Hitler’s favorite actress) and Marlene Dietrich, as well as the “great leader” Stalin and his closest companions Molotov, Beria and Vyshinsky. The Nuremberg Trials is based upon real facts that were hitherto unknown and details that the author, who spent many years studying the trials, learned from participants and witnesses. Translated from the Russian by Christopher Culver. Published with the support of the Institute for Literary Translation, Russia. Publishers Maxim Hodak and Max Mendor.


The Nuremberg Trial

The Nuremberg Trial Pdf

The Nuremberg Trial

Author: R. W. Cooper

Publisher: Faber & Faber

ISBN: 057128759X

Genre: History

Page: 302

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Book Summary: 'They were hanged at dead of night on October 16 - hanged, that is with the exception of Goring. He, mocking to the end, took cyanide of potassium in his cell as the hour approached and was dead by the time the doctors were called. The finding of the board of inquiry that he had it all the time fit in well enough with the little ironical smile that we saw in the dock. For a day he made sport of Nuremberg, above all of American security and its year of pin-pricks. But Goring is dead and the others with him. It could hardly have been more sordid - the grimy prison gymnasium in which soldiers played their ball games, with its row of blazing lights, its three scaffolds, the ugly scrawled inscription on one of the wall ''V. D. walks the streets.'' Hollywood to the end. And one after another the monstrous leaders of the Third Reich fell with the name of the Fatherland on their lips. Have we after all created a grotesque legend?' This is how Robert Cooper's book ends. The book itself has the distinction of being the very first to have been published about the Nuremberg Trial. Its business was finished in October 1946: this book was published in January 1947. Penguin was its publisher, and it is worth quoting from the original blurb, 'This popular but full account of the epoch-making trial of the War criminals at Nuremberg, specially written for Penguin Books by The Times special correspondent who covered the process, is intended as a permanent summary and record of the first attempt to bring to justice the authors and begetters of international crime against humanity.' The author admits to there being 'many gaps and other deficiencies in this necessarily hurried summary of the Nuremberg Trial' and pleads with History to bring about a perspective, but it is the very immediacy of the account that makes it so compelling and still worth reading.


Reassessing the Nuremberg Military Tribunals

Reassessing the Nuremberg Military Tribunals Pdf

Reassessing the Nuremberg Military Tribunals

Author: Kim C. Priemel,Alexa Stiller

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 085745532X

Genre: History

Page: 334

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Book Summary: For decades the history of the US Military Tribunals at Nuremberg (NMT) has been eclipsed by the first Nuremberg trial-the International Military Tribunal or IMT. The dominant interpretation-neatly summarized in the ubiquitous formula of "Subsequent Trials"-ignores the unique historical and legal character of the NMT trials, which differed significantly from that of their predecessor. The NMT trials marked a decisive shift both in terms of analysis of the Third Reich and conceptualization of international criminal law. This volume is the first comprehensive examination of the NMT and brings together diverse perspectives from the fields of law, history, and political science, exploring the genesis, impact, and legacy of the twelve Military Tribunals held at Nuremberg between 1946 and 1949.


Perspectives on the Nuremberg Trial

Perspectives on the Nuremberg Trial Pdf

Perspectives on the Nuremberg Trial

Author: Guénaël Mettraux

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191552526

Genre: Law

Page: 832

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Book Summary: The trial of major Nazi war criminals in Nuremberg was a landmark event in the development of modern international law, and continues to be highly influential in our understanding of international criminal law and post-conflict justice. This volume offers a unique collection of the most important essays written on the Trial, discussing the key legal, political, and philosophical questions raised by the Trial both at the time and in historical perspective. The collection focuses on pieces from those involved in the Tribunal, discussing the establishment of the Tribunal, the Trial itself, and the debate that followed the Judgment. Also included are representative essays of the academic debate that has surrounded Nuremberg in the sixty years since the Trial. Ranging from the contribution of Nuremberg to the substantive development of international criminal law to the philosophical evaluation of legalism in post-conflict international relations, the perspectives provided by the essays offer a unique overview of the persistent significance of Nuremberg across a range of academic disciplines. The collection also features newly translated essays from key German, Russian, and French writers, available in English for the first time; a new essay by Guénaël Mettraux examining the Nuremberg legacy in contemporary international criminal justice; and an exhaustive bibliography of the literature on Nuremberg.


Nuremberg

Nuremberg Pdf

Nuremberg

Author: Airey Neave

Publisher: Biteback Publishing

ISBN: 1785906747

Genre: History

Page: 384

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Book Summary: On 18 October 1945, a day that would haunt him for ever, Airey Neave personally served the official indictments on the twenty-one top Nazis currently awaiting trial in Nuremberg – including Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess, Julius Streicher and Albert Speer. With his visit to their gloomy prison cells, the tragedy of an entire generation reached its final act. Neave, a wartime organiser of MI9 and the first Englishman to escape from Colditz Castle, watched and listened over the months as the momentous events of the trials unfolded. He describes the cowardice, calumny and, in some cases, bravado of the defendants – men he would come to know and who in turn would become known as some the most evil men in history. Was the trial victors’ justice? Or was it civilisation’s infinitely painful verdict on the worst crimes ever committed? These questions, and many others, are answered in this definitive eyewitness record of the Nuremberg trials.


The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials

The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials Pdf

The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials

Author: Telford Taylor

Publisher: Knopf

ISBN: 0307819817

Genre: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 703

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Book Summary: A long-awaited memoir of the Nuremberg war crimes trials by one of its key participants. In 1945 Telford Taylor joined the prosecution staff and eventually became chief counsel of the international tribunal established to try top-echelon Nazis. Telford provides an engrossing eyewitness account of one of the most significant events of our century.


The Nuremberg Trials: Volume I

The Nuremberg Trials: Volume I Pdf

The Nuremberg Trials: Volume I

Author: Terry Burrows

Publisher: Arcturus Publishing

ISBN: 1838577653

Genre: History

Page: N.A

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Book Summary: The Nuremberg trials were the most important criminal hearings ever held, charging Nazi leaders with war crimes and crimes against humanity under international law. 20 high-ranking Nazi officials were brought to justice in the first of these trials, including Hermann Goering, Albert Speer and Rudolf Hess, and the full horror of their actions were announced on the world stage. Terry Burrows gives a detailed account of these trials, using shocking excerpts from the original transcripts. We hear chilling admissions from the accused as well as harrowing testimonies from victims of the Nazi regime. These atrocities include: • The devastating events of the Holocaust and its architects • The 'medical experiments' in Auschwitz and Block 46 in Buchenwald • Forced labor and economic pillaging in France, Denmark, Norway, Poland, the Netherlands and the Soviet Union. The Nuremberg Trials not only provides insight into the Nazi regime during World War II but also the court proceedings which marked a turning point in international law.


The Nuremberg Trials

The Nuremberg Trials Pdf

The Nuremberg Trials

Author: Paul Roland

Publisher: Arcturus Publishing

ISBN: 1848587929

Genre: History

Page: 208

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Book Summary: The Nazis were a vile collection of criminals, thugs, misfits, sadists, and petty bureaucrats bound together only by their philosophy of hate and their love of plunder. The stronger their stranglehold on power, the more monstrous their crimes. But when Hitler's 'thousand-year Reich' collapsed after twelve years of increasing repression, how w...


The Tokyo Tribunal: Perspectives on Law, History and Memory

The Tokyo Tribunal: Perspectives on Law, History and Memory Pdf

The Tokyo Tribunal: Perspectives on Law, History and Memory

Author: Marina Aksenova,Diane Marie Amann,David Cohen,Robert Cribb,David M. Crowe,Donald M. Ferencz,Narrelle Morris,Diane Orentlicher,Kuniko Ozaki,Christoph Safferling,Franziska Seraphim,Gerry Simpson,Kayoko Takeda,Yuma Totani,Beatrice Trefalt,Sandra Wilson

Publisher: Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher

ISBN: 828348138X

Genre: Law

Page: 480

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Book Summary: The ‘International Military Tribunal for the Far East’ (IMTFE), held in Tokyo from May 1946 to November 1948, was a landmark event in the development of modern international criminal law. The trial in Tokyo was a complex undertaking and international effort to hold individuals accountable for core international crimes and delivering justice. The Tribunal consisted of 11 judges and respective national prosecution teams from 11 countries, and a mixed Japanese–American team of defence lawyers. The IMTFE indicted 28 Japanese defendants, amongst them former prime ministers, cabinet ministers, military leaders, and diplomats, based on a 55-count indictment pertaining to crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. The judgment was not unanimous, with one majority judgment, two concurring opinions, and three dissenting opinions. The trial and the outcome were the subject of significant controversy and the Tribunal’s files were subsequently shelved in the archives. While its counterpart in Europe, the ‘International Military Tribunal’ (IMT) at Nuremberg, has been at the centre of public and scholarly interest, the Tokyo Tribunal has more recently gained international scholarly attention. This volume combines perspectives from law, history, and the social sciences to discuss the legal, historical, political and cultural significance of the Tokyo Tribunal. The collection is based on an international conference marking the 70th anniversary of the judgment of the IMTFE, which was held in Nuremberg in 2018. The volume features reflections by eminent scholars and experts on the establishment and functioning of the Tribunal, procedural and substantive issues as well as receptions and repercussions of the trial.


American Nuremberg

American Nuremberg Pdf

American Nuremberg

Author: Rebecca Gordon

Publisher: Skyhorse

ISBN: 1510703381

Genre: Political Science

Page: 176

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Book Summary: No subject is more hotly debated than the extreme measures that our government has taken after 9/11 in the name of national security. Torture, extraordinary rendition, drone assassinations, secret detention centers (or “black sites”), massive surveillance of citizens. But while the press occasionally exposes the dark side of the war on terror and congressional investigators sometimes raise alarms about the abuses committed by U.S. intelligence agencies and armed forces, no high U.S. official has been prosecuted for these violations – which many legal observers around the world consider war crimes. The United States helped establish the international principles guiding the prosecution of war crimes – starting with the Nuremberg tribunal following World War II, when Nazi officials were held accountable for their crimes against humanity. But the American government and legal system have consistently refused to apply these same principles to our own officials. Now Rebecca Gordon takes on the explosive task of “indicting” the officials who – in a just society – should be put on trial for war crimes. Some might dismiss this as a symbolic exercise. But what is at stake here is the very soul of the nation.