Randomized Response

Randomized Response Pdf

Randomized Response

Author: ,

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351419846

Genre: Mathematics

Page: 184

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Book Summary: Offering a concise account of the most appropriate and efficient procedures for analyzing data from queries dealing with sensitive and confidential issues- including the first book-length treatment of infinite and finite population set-ups - this volume begins with the simplest problems, complete with their properties and solutions, and proceeds to incrementally more difficult topics. Randomized Response is mandatory reading for statisticians and biostatisticians, market researchers, operations researchers, pollsters, sociologists, political scientists, economists and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in these areas.


Data Gathering, Analysis and Protection of Privacy through Randomized Response Techniques: Qualitative and Quantitative Human Traits

Data Gathering, Analysis and Protection of Privacy through Randomized Response Techniques: Qualitative and Quantitative Human Traits Pdf

Data Gathering, Analysis and Protection of Privacy through Randomized Response Techniques: Qualitative and Quantitative Human Traits

Author: ,

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444635718

Genre: Mathematics

Page: 544

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Book Summary: Data Gathering, Analysis and Protection of Privacy through Randomized Response Techniques: Qualitative and Quantitative Human Traits tackles how to gather and analyze data relating to stigmatizing human traits. S.L. Warner invented RRT and published it in JASA, 1965. In the 50 years since, the subject has grown tremendously, with continued growth. This book comprehensively consolidates the literature to commemorate the inception of RR. Brings together all relevant aspects of randomized response and indirect questioning Tackles how to gather and analyze data relating to stigmatizing human traits Gives an encyclopedic coverage of the topic Covers recent developments and extrapolates to future trends


Randomized Response and Related Methods

Randomized Response and Related Methods Pdf

Randomized Response and Related Methods

Author: James Alan Fox

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483381056

Genre: Social Science

Page: 144

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Book Summary: Randomized response is a data collection strategy specifically designed for surveys of a sensitive nature. By establishing a probabilistic connection between question and answer, randomized response and related methods protect respondents who are asked to disclose personal information. Covering a half century of theoretical and applied research, the Second Edition significantly updates and expands what was, at the time, the first comprehensive and practical guide to randomized response.


Randomized Response and Indirect Questioning Techniques in Surveys

Randomized Response and Indirect Questioning Techniques in Surveys Pdf

Randomized Response and Indirect Questioning Techniques in Surveys

Author: Arijit Chaudhuri

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439836582

Genre: Mathematics

Page: 228

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Book Summary: For surveys involving sensitive questions, randomized response techniques (RRTs) and other indirect questions are helpful in obtaining survey responses while maintaining the privacy of the respondents. Written by one of the leading experts in the world on RR, Randomized Response and Indirect Questioning Techniques in Surveys describes the current state of RR as well as emerging developments in the field. The author also explains how to extend RR to situations employing unequal probability sampling. While the theory of RR has grown phenomenally, the area has not kept pace in practice. Covering both theory and practice, the book first discusses replacing a direct response (DR) with an RR in a simple random sample with replacement (SRSWR). It then emphasizes how the application of RRTs in the estimation of attribute or quantitative features is valid for selecting respondents in a general manner. The author examines different ways to treat maximum likelihood estimation; covers optional RR devices, which provide alternatives to compulsory randomized response theory; and presents RR techniques that encompass quantitative variables, including those related to stigmatizing characteristics. He also gives his viewpoint on alternative RR techniques, including the item count technique, nominative technique, and three-card method.


Encyclopedia of Survey Research Methods

Encyclopedia of Survey Research Methods Pdf

Encyclopedia of Survey Research Methods

Author: Paul J. Lavrakas

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 150631788X

Genre: Social Science

Page: 1072

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Book Summary: In conjunction with top survey researchers around the world and with Nielsen Media Research serving as the corporate sponsor, the Encyclopedia of Survey Research Methods presents state-of-the-art information and methodological examples from the field of survey research. Although there are other "how-to" guides and references texts on survey research, none is as comprehensive as this Encyclopedia, and none presents the material in such a focused and approachable manner. With more than 600 entries, this resource uses a Total Survey Error perspective that considers all aspects of possible survey error from a cost-benefit standpoint.


Mixed Effects Models for Complex Data

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Mixed Effects Models for Complex Data

Author: Lang Wu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420074086

Genre: Mathematics

Page: 431

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Book Summary: Although standard mixed effects models are useful in a range of studies, other approaches must often be used in correlation with them when studying complex or incomplete data. Mixed Effects Models for Complex Data discusses commonly used mixed effects models and presents appropriate approaches to address dropouts, missing data, measurement errors, censoring, and outliers. For each class of mixed effects model, the author reviews the corresponding class of regression model for cross-sectional data. An overview of general models and methods, along with motivating examples After presenting real data examples and outlining general approaches to the analysis of longitudinal/clustered data and incomplete data, the book introduces linear mixed effects (LME) models, generalized linear mixed models (GLMMs), nonlinear mixed effects (NLME) models, and semiparametric and nonparametric mixed effects models. It also includes general approaches for the analysis of complex data with missing values, measurement errors, censoring, and outliers. Self-contained coverage of specific topics Subsequent chapters delve more deeply into missing data problems, covariate measurement errors, and censored responses in mixed effects models. Focusing on incomplete data, the book also covers survival and frailty models, joint models of survival and longitudinal data, robust methods for mixed effects models, marginal generalized estimating equation (GEE) models for longitudinal or clustered data, and Bayesian methods for mixed effects models. Background material In the appendix, the author provides background information, such as likelihood theory, the Gibbs sampler, rejection and importance sampling methods, numerical integration methods, optimization methods, bootstrap, and matrix algebra. Failure to properly address missing data, measurement errors, and other issues in statistical analyses can lead to severely biased or misleading results. This book explores the biases that arise when naïve methods are used and shows which approaches should be used to achieve accurate results in longitudinal data analysis.


Methods of Randomization in Experimental Design

Methods of Randomization in Experimental Design Pdf

Methods of Randomization in Experimental Design

Author: Valentim R. Alferes

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289034

Genre: Social Science

Page: 208

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Book Summary: In Methods of Randomization in Experimental Design, author Valentim R. Alferes presents the main procedures of random assignment and local control in between-subjects experimental designs and the counterbalancing schemes in within-subjects or cross-over experimental designs. Alferes uses a pedagogical strategy that allows the reader to implement all randomization methods by relying on the materials given in the appendices and using common features included in most word processor software. A companion website at www.sagepub.com/alferes provides downloadable IBM SPSS and R versions of SCRAED, a package that performs simple and complex random assignment in experimental design, including the 18 randomization methods presented in Chapters 2 and 3.


Introduction to Probability

Introduction to Probability Pdf

Introduction to Probability

Author: Joseph K. Blitzstein,Jessica Hwang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 146657559X

Genre: Mathematics

Page: 596

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Book Summary: Developed from celebrated Harvard statistics lectures, Introduction to Probability provides essential language and tools for understanding statistics, randomness, and uncertainty. The book explores a wide variety of applications and examples, ranging from coincidences and paradoxes to Google PageRank and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). Additional application areas explored include genetics, medicine, computer science, and information theory. The print book version includes a code that provides free access to an eBook version. The authors present the material in an accessible style and motivate concepts using real-world examples. Throughout, they use stories to uncover connections between the fundamental distributions in statistics and conditioning to reduce complicated problems to manageable pieces. The book includes many intuitive explanations, diagrams, and practice problems. Each chapter ends with a section showing how to perform relevant simulations and calculations in R, a free statistical software environment.


Handbook of Item Response Theory

Handbook of Item Response Theory Pdf

Handbook of Item Response Theory

Author: Wim J. van der Linden

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 148228247X

Genre: Mathematics

Page: 1500

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Book Summary: Drawing on the work of 75 internationally acclaimed experts in the field, Handbook of Item Response Theory, Three-Volume Set presents all major item response models, classical and modern statistical tools used in item response theory (IRT), and major areas of applications of IRT in educational and psychological testing, medical diagnosis of patient-reported outcomes, and marketing research. It also covers CRAN packages, WinBUGS, Bilog MG, Multilog, Parscale, IRTPRO, Mplus, GLLAMM, Latent Gold, and numerous other software tools. A full update of editor Wim J. van der Linden and Ronald K. Hambleton’s classic Handbook of Modern Item Response Theory, this handbook has been expanded from 28 chapters to 85 chapters in three volumes. The three volumes are thoroughly edited and cross-referenced, with uniform notation, format, and pedagogical principles across all chapters. Each chapter is self-contained and deals with the latest developments in IRT.


Salt Sugar Fat

Salt Sugar Fat Pdf

Salt Sugar Fat

Author: Michael Moss

Publisher: Signal

ISBN: 0771057091

Genre: Business & Economics

Page: 352

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Book Summary: From a Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative reporter at The New York Times comes the troubling story of the rise of the processed food industry -- and how it used salt, sugar, and fat to addict us. Salt Sugar Fat is a journey into the highly secretive world of the processed food giants, and the story of how they have deployed these three essential ingredients, over the past five decades, to dominate the North American diet. This is an eye-opening book that demonstrates how the makers of these foods have chosen, time and again, to double down on their efforts to increase consumption and profits, gambling that consumers and regulators would never figure them out. With meticulous original reporting, access to confidential files and memos, and numerous sources from deep inside the industry, it shows how these companies have pushed ahead, despite their own misgivings (never aired publicly). Salt Sugar Fat is the story of how we got here, and it will hold the food giants accountable for the social costs that keep climbing even as some of the industry's own say, "Enough already."


Handbook on Impact Evaluation

Handbook on Impact Evaluation Pdf

Handbook on Impact Evaluation

Author: Shahidur R. Khandker,Gayatri B. Koolwal,Hussain A. Samad

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821380291

Genre: Business & Economics

Page: 260

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Book Summary: Public programs are designed to reach certain goals and beneficiaries. Methods to understand whether such programs actually work, as well as the level and nature of impacts on intended beneficiaries, are main themes of this book.


Handbook Of Applied Econometrics And Statistical Inference

Handbook Of Applied Econometrics And Statistical Inference Pdf

Handbook Of Applied Econometrics And Statistical Inference

Author: Aman Ullah

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203911075

Genre: Business & Economics

Page: 744

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Book Summary: Summarizing developments and techniques in the field, this reference covers sample surveys, nonparametric analysis, hypothesis testing, time series analysis, Bayesian inference, and distribution theory for applications in statistics, economics, medicine, biology, engineering, sociology, psychology, and information technology. It supplies a geometric proof of an extended Gauss-Markov theorem, approaches for the design and implementation of sample surveys, advances in the theory of Neyman's smooth test, and methods for pre-test and biased estimation. It includes discussions ofsample size requirements for estimation in SUR models, innovative developments in nonparametric models, and more.


How to Design, Analyse and Report Cluster Randomised Trials in Medicine and Health Related Research

How to Design, Analyse and Report Cluster Randomised Trials in Medicine and Health Related Research Pdf

How to Design, Analyse and Report Cluster Randomised Trials in Medicine and Health Related Research

Author: Michael J. Campbell,Stephen J. Walters

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118763602

Genre: Medical

Page: 272

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Book Summary: A complete guide to understanding cluster randomised trials Written by two researchers with extensive experience in the field, this book presents a complete guide to the design, analysis and reporting of cluster randomised trials. It spans a wide range of applications: trials in developing countries, trials in primary care, trials in the health services. A key feature is the use of R code and code from other popular packages to plan and analyse cluster trials, using data from actual trials. The book contains clear technical descriptions of the models used, and considers in detail the ethics involved in such trials and the problems in planning them. For readers and students who do not intend to run a trial but wish to be a critical reader of the literature, there are sections on the CONSORT statement, and exercises in reading published trials. Written in a clear, accessible style Features real examples taken from the authors’ extensive practitioner experience of designing and analysing clinical trials Demonstrates the use of R, Stata and SPSS for statistical analysis Includes computer code so the reader can replicate all the analyses Discusses neglected areas such as ethics and practical issues in running cluster randomised trials How to Design, Analyse and Report Cluster Randomised Trials in Medicine and Health Related Research provides an excellent reference tool and can be read with profit by statisticians, health services researchers, systematic reviewers and critical readers of cluster randomised trials.


Survey Sampling

Survey Sampling Pdf

Survey Sampling

Author: Arijit Chaudhuri,Horst Stenger

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420028638

Genre: Mathematics

Page: 416

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Book Summary: Since publication of the first edition in 1992, the field of survey sampling has grown considerably. This new edition of Survey Sampling: Theory and Methods has been updated to include the latest research and the newest methods. The authors have undertaken the daunting task of surveying the sampling literature of the past decade to provide an outst


The R Book

The R Book Pdf

The R Book

Author: Michael J. Crawley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470515068

Genre: Mathematics

Page: 950

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Book Summary: The high-level language of R is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software environments, and is rapidly becoming the standard setting for quantitative analysis, statistics and graphics. R provides free access to unrivalled coverage and cutting-edge applications, enabling the user to apply numerous statistical methods ranging from simple regression to time series or multivariate analysis. Building on the success of the author’s bestselling Statistics: An Introduction using R, The R Book is packed with worked examples, providing an all inclusive guide to R, ideal for novice and more accomplished users alike. The book assumes no background in statistics or computing and introduces the advantages of the R environment, detailing its applications in a wide range of disciplines. Provides the first comprehensive reference manual for the R language, including practical guidance and full coverage of the graphics facilities. Introduces all the statistical models covered by R, beginning with simple classical tests such as chi-square and t-test. Proceeds to examine more advance methods, from regression and analysis of variance, through to generalized linear models, generalized mixed models, time series, spatial statistics, multivariate statistics and much more. The R Book is aimed at undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals in science, engineering and medicine. It is also ideal for students and professionals in statistics, economics, geography and the social sciences.


Randomized Controlled Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials Pdf

Randomized Controlled Trials

Author: Alehandro R. Jadad,Murray W. Enkin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470766166

Genre: Medical

Page: 160

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Book Summary: Randomized controlled trials are one of the most powerful and revolutionary tools of research. This book is a convenient and accessible description of the underlying principles and practice of randomized controlled trials and their role in clinical decision-making. Structured in a jargon-free question-and-answer format, each chapter provides concise and understandable information on a different aspect of randomized controlled trials, from the basics of trial design and terminology to the interpretation of results and their use in driving evidence-based medicine. The authors end each chapter with their musings, going beyond the evidence or citations, and sometimes even beyond orthodox correctness to share their thoughts and concerns about different aspects of randomized controlled trials, and their role within the health system. Updated to include insights from the last decade, this second edition challenges over-reliance on randomized controlled trials by debating their strengths and limitations and discussing their optimal use in modern healthcare. It also includes a new and increasingly relevant chapter on the ethics of randomized trials. World renowned writers and thinkers Drs Jadad and Enkin bring you this invaluable book for busy health professionals who wish to understand the theory of randomized controlled trials and their influence on clinical, research or policy decisions.


Human Expeditions

Human Expeditions Pdf

Human Expeditions

Author: Stephen Chrisomalis,André Costopoulos

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442664568

Genre: Social Science

Page: 316

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Book Summary: In its 2007 obituary of Bruce Trigger (1937–2006), the Times of London referred to the Canadian anthropologist and archaeologist as “Canada’s leading prehistorian” and “one of the most influential archaeologists of his time.” Trained at Yale University and a faculty member at McGill University for more than forty years, he was best known for his History of Archaeological Thought, which the Times called “monumental.” Trigger inspired scholars all over the world through his questioning of assumptions and his engagement with social and political causes. Human Expeditions pays tribute to Trigger’s immense legacy by bringing together cutting edge work from internationally recognized and emerging researchers inspired by his example. Covering the length and breadth of Trigger’s wide-ranging interests – from Egyptology to the history of archaeological theory to North American aboriginal cultures – this volume highlights the diversity of his academic work and the magnitude of his impact in many different areas of scholarship.


THEORY AND METHODS OF SURVEY SAMPLING

THEORY AND METHODS OF SURVEY SAMPLING Pdf

THEORY AND METHODS OF SURVEY SAMPLING

Author: PARIMAL MUKHOPADHYAY

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120336763

Genre: Technology & Engineering

Page: 580

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Book Summary: This is a comprehensive exposition of survey sampling useful both to the students of statistics for the course on sample survey and to the survey statisticians and practitioners involved in consultancy services, marketing, opinion polls, and so on. The text offers updated review of difficult classical techniques of survey sampling, besides covering prediction-theoretic approach of survey sampling and nonsampling errors. NEW TO THIS EDITION Two new chapters—Nonparametric Methods of Variance Estimation (Chapter 19) and Analysis of Complex Surveys (Chapter 20)—have been added. These would greatly benefit the readers. KEY FEATURES  Covers concepts of unequal probability sampling.  Provides problems of making inference from finite population using tools of classical inference.  Describes nonsampling errors including Randomised Response Techniques.  Gives over 70 worked-out examples and more than 120 problems and solutions.  Supplies live data from India and Sweden—in examples and exercises. What the Reviewer says: This is a very comprehensive modern text on survey sampling with a strong slant towards theoretical results. The book is an excellent reference book and would be a good graduate level sampling text for a course with an emphasis on sampling theory. — JESSE C. ARNOLD, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University


Handbook of Econometrics

Handbook of Econometrics Pdf

Handbook of Econometrics

Author: ,

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444636544

Genre: Business & Economics

Page: 592

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Book Summary: Handbook of Econometrics, Volume 7A, examines recent advances in foundational issues and "hot" topics within econometrics, such as inference for moment inequalities and estimation of high dimensional models. With its world-class editors and contributors, it succeeds in unifying leading studies of economic models, mathematical statistics and economic data. Our flourishing ability to address empirical problems in economics by using economic theory and statistical methods has driven the field of econometrics to unimaginable places. By designing methods of inference from data based on models of human choice behavior and social interactions, econometricians have created new subfields now sufficiently mature to require sophisticated literature summaries. Presents a broader and more comprehensive view of this expanding field than any other handbook Emphasizes the connection between econometrics and economics Highlights current topics for which no good summaries exist


Melanoma

Melanoma Pdf

Melanoma

Author: Jonathan S. Zager MD,Vernon K. Sondak MD,Ragini Kudchadkar MD

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019997179X

Genre: Medical

Page: 160

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Book Summary: Melanoma is a concise handbook that identifies best-practice guidelines and presents the most current procedures for the diagnosis and management of melanoma in a succinct and easy-to-read manner. Chapters cover melanoma pathology, biopsy techniques, staging and risk stratification, surgical treatment of localized melanoma, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, and guidelines for resected melanoma, targeted therapy, cytotoxic chemotherapy, and management of brain metastases, mucosal and ocular melanoma, and pediatric melanoma patients. This handbook is a must-have tool for clinicians directly involved in the care of patients with melanoma, including surgical oncologists, medical oncologists, and radiation oncologists.